WHO announced top 10 threats to global health in 2019 ~ Amazing Health Inspiration- Information Related to Health

WHO announced top 10 threats to global health in 2019

As we all know, the World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations, which helps various countries of the world to deal with health challenges.

More recently, this top organization has listed 10 threats for global health in 2019The World Health Organization (WHO) will focus on 10 major health-related issues in 2019. There are 10 key issues in this:


(1) Air pollution and climate change

Air pollution affects a large part of the global population, where children under the age of 15 are mainly involved. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers air pollution as the greatest environmental risk for health. The organization said in clear words, "Nine out of every ten people breathes in polluted air."

Air pollution and climate change (Threats to global health)
Air pollution and climate change (Threats to global health)
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "Micro-pollutants present in the air can enter respiratory and circulatory systems to harm the lungs, heart, and brain, which is more likely to cause cancer, stroke, heart and lung disease." 7 million people die prematurely every year these diseases. 90% of these deaths occur in lower and middle-income countries.

The World Health Organization (WHO) further points out that the main reason for air pollution is to burn fossil fuels which also contribute to climate change. The agency says that there is a possibility of 250000 additional deaths between 2030 and 2050.

Therefore it is the duty of every citizen of the whole world to pay attention to this and at least reduce air pollution.


(2) Non Communicable diseases

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, diabetes, cancer, and other non-pathological diseases are responsible for the death of more than 70% of the world's people.

Non Communicable diseases
Non Communicable diseases
Of these, 15 million people are those who die prematurely, whose age is between 30 and 69.


Five major causes of the emergence of non-communicable diseases:

Use of tobacco, Physical inactivity, Harmful Use of Alcohol, Unhealthy diet and air pollution.
These factors are also increasing the issues of mental health.

Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) has announced the top 10 threats for global health in 2019, it is also important for them.

These five major reasons as told by the World Health Organization (WHO) need to pay attention to the people of the entire world, which can reduce the deaths.


(3) Global influenza pandemic

The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the third place to the “global influenza pandemic” in the list of 10 threats.

When the influenza virus attacks the peoples and how severe it is at that time, nothing can be said about it. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) is continuously monitoring the spread of the influenza virus to detect potential epidemics, in which 153 institutes from 114 countries are involved in global monitoring and response.

To save people from seasonal flu, the World Health Organization (WHO) keeps an effort every year to make the vaccine better.

Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is caused by a viral virus. In 1933, Smith, Andrew and Ledlow found the virus-A of influenza. Francis and Magellan invented Virus-B in 1940, and in 1948, Taylor discovered Virus-C.

Influenza is often spread in the form of a pandemic that can spread to many regions and countries at the same time. Many times this epidemic spreads all over the world at the same time.

    Also Read: BEWARE OF H1N1 FLU VIRUS (SWINE FLU)

The World Health Organization (WHO) has set up a unique partnership to avoid this epidemic that will ensure "effective and equitable access to diagnostics, vaccine, and antiviral (treatment) in particular developing countries."


(4) Fragile and vulnerable settings

The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the fourth place to the “Fragile and vulnerable settings”  in the list of 10 threats.

The agency says that more than 1.6 billion people (22% of the global population) live in places where there are problems like drought, famine, population displacement, due to which there are very poor health services.

Fundamentally poor health services are in almost all countries of the world, thereby the World Health Organization (WHO) is having trouble reaching its goal.

That's why the World Health Organization (WHO) will provide good health Service in these areas with its strong efforts this year.


(5) Antimicrobial resistance

The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the fifth place to the “Antimicrobial resistance” in the list of 10 threats.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the development of antibiotics, antiviral and antimalarial are some of the biggest successes of modern medicine. We see that the demands of these drugs are always between the people.
Antimicrobial resistance
Antimicrobial resistance

The World Health Organization (WHO) says in very clear terms that antimicrobial resistance "threatens to send us back in time when we were unable to treat infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhea, and salmonellosis."

Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) is committed to implementing a global action plan to increase awareness and knowledge among people, reduce transition and encourage proper use of antimicrobial.


(6) Ebola and other high-threat pathogens

The World Health Organization has given the sixth place to the “Ebola and other high-threat pathogens” in the list of 10 threats.

As we all know, the Ebola virus spread among more than a million people in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2018. Among the provinces which have been affected, there is also one active conflict zone.

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF) or Ebola, is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans caused by the Ebola virus.” This virus starts showing its effect among two days to three weeks, which includes fever, sore throat, muscular pain, and headache.

Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) will try every time this year to reduce the effect of this disease.


(7) Weak primary health care

The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the seventh place to the “Weak primary health care” in the list of 10 threats.

Weak primary health care
Weak Primary Health Care 
It is very important to have a Primary Health Care Center to deal with any health problem quickly. But according to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are not sufficient primary health care centers in many countries.

“In October 2018, WHO co-facilitated a noteworthy worldwide gathering in Astana, Kazakhstan at which all nations resolved to restore the responsibility to essential human health care center made in the Alma-Ata statement in 1978”.

Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) will work with firmness to revitalize and strengthen primary health care in 2019 and will follow specific commitments made in the announcement of the Astana.


(8) Vaccine Hesitancy

The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the eighth place to the “Vaccine Hesitancy” in the list of 10 threats.

Much of the misconceptions about vaccination are spread in most countries of the world. Therefore, people hesitate with vaccination.

Whereas the truth is that if people adopt vaccination correctly, then the slaughter of 2-3 million deaths in one year can be prevented.

Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) has identified a vaccine advisory group that will enhance confidence in the people with decency and will provide reliable information related to the vaccine to the people.

The agency says that in 2019, it will work to eliminate cervical cancer by increasing the coverage of the HPV vaccine around the world. 2019 may also be the year when the transmission of wild poliovirus in Afghanistan and Pakistan ceases.


(9) Dengue

The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the ninth place to the “Dengue” in the list of 10 threats.

Dengue fever also called break-bone fever. This fever is caused by the dengue virus. Mosquitoes spread to the dengue virus. This is called break-bone fever because people suffering from this can be so much pain that their bones are broken. At this stage, the level of blood platelets is reduced.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), countries such as Bangladesh and India have a lot of issues in the rainy season. Now, this disease is spreading in less tropical and more temperate countries like Nepal, who have not traditionally seen this disease.

Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) has created a dengue control strategy, which aims at reducing 50% of dengue deaths by 2020.

     Note: There is no vaccine available to protect against dengue virus.


(10) HIV

The World Health Organization (WHO) has given the tenth place to the “HIV” in the list of 10 threats.

HIVAIDS (Threats to global health)
HIV OR AIDS (Threats to global health)
HIV/AIDS is the short form of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about one million people die every year with AIDS. Since this epidemic has spread, more than 70 million people have been infected with this disease and 35 million people have died. Today, around 37 million people worldwide suffer from HIV.

Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) will work to launch a self-test with different countries this year so that more people living with HIV can know their condition and can get treatment.
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